Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) rupture is a commonly discussed injury due to its perceived severity and impact on knee function and quality of life. Recently, ACL reconstructive surgery has been on the rise in Australia, particularly within the younger population. Between 2000 and 2015, the annual incidence of reconstructive surgery increased by 43% (from 54.0 to 77.4 per 100 000 people), and by 74% among those under 25 years of age (from 52.6 to 91.4 per 100 000 people). Direct hospital costs of ACL reconstruction surgery in 2014–15 were estimated to be $142 million. The annual incidence of revision of previous ACL reconstructions increased by 5.6% per year, indicating a rise in follow up surgeries.

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Patella dislocation is a common injury in adolescents, particularly in those playing sports. Most commonly, the patella dislocates laterally to the outside of the knee. This process often injures tissues on the medial or inside of the knee, such as the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL). Dislocation can be divided into two categories: primary (first-time) and secondary (second, third, etc). It may also be categorised as traumatic (involving significant force to dislocate the patella from its resting groove) or atraumatic.

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What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most chronic, debilitating conditions that will affect most of us during our lifetime whether it is in the hip, knee or another joint. It is characterised by inflammation (swelling, redness and heat) in the joint and deterioration of our articular cartilage, which acts as our lubricant to allow smooth movement of our bones in our joints.

Low Back Pain

What is it?

Low back pain is one of Australia’s most debilitating conditions and can be quite complex when it comes to treating. Low back pain can be split into two main groups; Non Specific or Mechanical Low Back Pain (85-90% of cases) or Specific Low Back Pain (10-15%). Most people who suffer from back pain will fit into this Non-Specific or Mechanical low back pain category and will usually recover within 2-6 weeks, others as long as 3-12 months. There is a recurrence rate of around 50% after having one episode of back pain. Each person who suffers from back pain is different, there is no magic fix or “one approach fits all” when it comes to diagnosing or treating. You can suffer back pain simply by moving wrong, performing repetitive movements that cause strain to your back, poor muscle strength or recruitment and a traumatic event.

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Osteoporosis is a condition that currently affects a large number of people around the world. Approximately 66% of Australians over 50, have osteoporosis or osteopenia. This number is expected to increase over 6 million people by 2022 just in Australia. In addition, it is a costly disease for the Australian Government: 2.75 billion AU$ was spent on osteoporosis or osteopenia in 2012.

However this number of people affected with osteoporosis is not exact, as many people are underdiagnosed and they are not aware of having low bone density. About 75% women and 90% men with an osteoporotic condition are not investigated and around 75% of them are not being treated. Read more

Across the entire Australian population, there is limited research illustrating specifically the prevalence of hip pain. In 2003, however, Chen and colleagues (2003) concluded that general hip pain was reported in 39% of women from a 24’800 cohort.

From an anatomy point of view, the hip joint is a ball and socket joint. Due to the precise structure of the joint (large ball with a deep socket), the hip is able to withstand large repeated motions and the forces from weight bearing and movement. The demand on the hip joint from these large forces and movements place the joint at risk of developing various injuries. Read more

Pilates was founded by Joseph Pilates (1880-1967) as a system of fitness exercises that is still practiced in more or less modified forms. In the last two decades, there has been a significant increase in the popularity of Pilates-inspired exercises. Read more